HISTORY OF KIKAM
Kikam is a coastal town situated at the south – eastern part of Ellembelle District in the Western Region of Ghana. The current population of Kikam stands at approximately three thousand five hundred (3,500).
The main occupations of the people are subsistence farming, fishing and coconut oil extraction. Unfortunately, the coconut which used to be the main cash crop has of late been destroyed by Cape St. Paul’s Wit disease thereby denying many people of their source of livelihood.
The natives of Kikam are Nzemas but being one of the towns affected by the emerging gold mining activities (surface mining) of Adamus Resources Limited it is flooded with people from all walks of life.
According to Rev. Fr. Assuah (1958) and oral sources the natives of the town migrated from Techiman in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. They were led by Nana Ewiene Fitie and his nephew Kerma Bertu together with his niece Asanteba. They initially settled at Ejusu in the Ashanti Region for sometime. In their quest to settle at the sea shore they moved to Abelebo and later at Asuawa, both in the Gwira Traditional Area in the Nzema East District.
After some time they passed through the “siane” river (River Ankobra) to Sanwoma, the estuary. From there a sub-group led by Egya Kofi moved to old Ahyenlezo in Axim. Nana Ewiene Fitie and his group continued their journey to Aduanebo(now Atuabo), the seat of paramountcy of the Eastern Nzema Traditional Area.
They were received by the chief, Awulae Bile (Blay). They assisted Awulae Bile in most of the battles he encountered in his quest for land and supremacy. They later on moved from Atuabo to look for a permanent settlement. They initially settled at a place they named Miegyinla, literally means “Let us stop and rest”. They finally settled at the present Kikam. In view of the numerous services rendered to Awulae Bile, he honoured Nana Kerma Bertu, the first chief of Kikam with the tittle “Adontehene” of Eastern Nzema Traditional Area. They got the name Kikam from a stream “Etitime” from which they drew water for domestic use. It was detected that any time they drew water from the stream on Mondays and Fridays they experienced itching all over the body.
The Nzema statement, “Me nwo ele kekame” meaning “my body is itching” was frequent on their lips and hence the name kekame (now Kikam)
The history is silent over the year of their migration and final settlement but it is on record that Nana Eduku Kanra I who was the eleventh chief reigned from 1906 – 1946.